Конспект урока "The United States of America"

Урок-игра Монаховой Юлии Валерьевны 6 класс 13.05.09

Тема$: The United

States of America

Цели урока:

$- развить навыки просмотрового чтения ;

- развить грамматическое чутьё;

- развить навыки аудирования и последующего анализа услышанного;

- развить навыки монологической речи;

- развить навыки чтения с поиском заданной информации;

- развить навыки понимания текста и его дальнейшей реконструкции;

Задачи урока:

Образовательная – закрепление лексики , расширение кругозора.

Развивающая – развитие памяти, воображения, навыков восприятия речи на слух, тренировка речевого аппарата.

Вос$питательная – формирование навыков общения, навыков интеллектуального труда (работа с тетрадью), формирование культуры чтения.

$

Ход урока.

  1. Организационный момент.

T- Hello, my dear pupils. Usually we have “Round Table”, but today as you see, you’re divided into two teams. Can you tell me, if we have team, what we’ll have?

Ps- A competition.

T- Yes, you’re absolutely right. Today we’re going to play your favorite game. Look at the game field, how do you think what kind of game we’ll play?

Ps- “Ouths and crosses”.

$

T-Yes , you’re quiet right.

  1. Определение темы урока.

T- Dear boys & girls, look at all these maps or pictures that you see around. How do you think what the theme of game is?

Ps- The United Sates of America.

$

T- Right, so let’s watch mini clip about this country.

  1. Повторение пройденного материала.

T- Yes. But before we’ll start our game we’re going to have the quiz. And according to number of right answers the team which wins will choose the name.

  1. How many states are there in the USA?$

  1. 48

  2. 50

  3. 52

  1. What is the American flag called?

  1. Union Jack

  2. Union flag

  3. Stars and Stripes

  1. When did Christopher Columbus discover America?

  1. in 1492

  2. in 1592

  3. in 1692

$

  1. Which of the following is not a US state?

  1. Alaska

  2. Hawaii

  3. Tahiti

  1. When is the birthday of the United Sates celebrated?

  1. on December, 25th

  2. on July, 4th

  3. on March, 8th

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  1. Which country is bigger, Canada or America?

a) Canada

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b) America

  1. The “Big Apple” is popular nickname but for what?

  1. Los Angels

  2. New York

  3. Chicago

  1. Where in the United States can you find the Golden Gate Bridge?

  1. San Francisco

  2. San Diego

c) New Orleans$

9. How often do American people choose a new President?

a) every 4 years

b) every 5 years

c) every 3 years

10. The building in the picture is…

  1. the White House

  2. the Capitol

c) the Pentagon

T- No$w tell me please how many wrong answers do you have?

P1- …

T- Ok, now you can choose the name of your team. But just remember you should win not only in our game field, but in number of points.

  1. Развитие навыков монологической речи, грамматических навыков (порядок слов в специальных вопросах), навыков постановки и

аудирования, навыков чтения с поиском заданной информации и понимания текста и его реконструкции. (Ouths and crosses)

1 2 3

Geographic position

$A

Government

$

Cold & Civil wars

B Independence

Presidents

(Presentation)

Symbols

C $Native

Americans

Cities

Holidays

$ (presentations )

$A1 – 1) Where is the country situated? (1 point)

2) Who was the nation founded by? (2 points)

3) What can you tell me about Independence? (3 points)

A2 - 1) Give me some information about the House of Representatives.

(1 points)

2) What do you know about America as Constitutional republic?(2 points)

3) What branches of federal government do you know? Can you describe

them? (3 point)

A3 - 1) What is the reason of Civil $War? (1 point)

2) What happened after Civil war? (2 points)

3) What do you know about this president of the USA- Richard Nixon?

(3 points)

B1 - What happened when America got its independence?

B2 - In this part pupils of one team ask special questions ,done at home,

another team. Points will be given to both teams as for right question, as

for right answer. (Before it ,we should watch mini$ clip about all the

presidents )

B3 - Pupils of both teams get the text about U.S. symbols., they shout

read the text and do exercises after it.

C1 - What can you tell me about the relationships between Native Americans

and European settlers?

C2 - Task for both teams in spite of order.

Pupils should gather the divided parts of the text. And put one special

$question to it. (Приложение 1)

C3 - At the black board you can see the word –“HOLIDAY”, almost all these

letters connected with American holidays, so your task is to choose the

letter and tell all that you know about this holiday. (While teams are $

thinking , they’re watching the presentation about the certain holiday)

H O L I D A Y

Flag Day Memorial Thanksgiving Labour

Day Day Day

Independence

Day May Day

Answers

A1 1) Th$e country is situated mostly in central$ North America, lies between

the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans bordered by Canada to the north and

Mexico to the south..

2) The nation was founded by 13 colonies of Great Britain located along the

Atlantic seaboard.

3) On July 4, 1776, these 13 colonies issued the Declaration of Independence ,

which proclaimed their independence from Great Britain and their formation

of a cooperative union.

A2 1) The House of Representatives has 435 members, each representing a

congressional district for a 2-year term. House seats are distributed among

the states by population every 10th year.

2) It is structured as a representative democracy. The government is regulated

by a system of checks and balances defined by the U.S. Constitution.

3) The federal government consists of 3 branches.$

Legislative: The bicameral Congress, made up of the Senate and the House of

Repr$esentatives, makes federal law, declares war, approves treaties, has the

power of the purse, and has the power of impeachment, by which it can

remove sitting members of the government.

Executive: The president is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto

legislative bills before they become law, and appoints the Cabinet and other

officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies.

Judicial: The Supreme Court and lower federal courts, whose judges are

appointed by the president with Senate approval, interpret laws and overturn

those they find unconstitutional.

A3 1)Tensions between slave and free states mounted with arguments over the

relationship between the $state and federal governments, as well as violent

conflicts over the spread of slavery into new states.

2) Soon after the Civil War (1861-1865) there were three important amendments. The 13th

amendment ended slavery, the 14th$ amendment made all black people citizens of the

United States, the 15th amendment gave blacks the right to vote.

3) As a result of Watergate scandal , in 1974 Nixon became the first president to

resign, rather than to be impeached on charges including obstruction of justice

and abuse of power.

B1 After that they became free and independent states, but they had a problem: they needed one strong national government. That’s why in the year 1787 all the states sent their representatives to Philadelphia where they wrote the Constitution.

B2 $ ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B3 Answers to the questions:

    • The American flag is oft$en called "The Stars and Stripes".

    • The colors are read, white and blue

    • There are 13 stripes on it.

    • The other national emblem ,eagle became, the national emblem of the country in 1782.

    • It stands on Liberty Island in New York.

    • France gave the statue to America in 1884 as a symbol of friendship.

    • Its name is “Star Spangled Banner”

    $

    C1 The relationships were not good as Europeans took their lands and after they began settling the America, many millions of indigenous Americans died from epidemics of imported diseases such as smallpox.

    C2 The city of Washington, the capital of the United States of America is located in the District of Columbia (DC for short) Many people consider Washington DC to be one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It is filled with many parks, wide streets and impressive buildings. In the centre of the city, in Capitol Park, visitors' eyes focus on the Capitol, where Congress convince to inject laws. Many visitors come to Washington DC to see the White House. It is the greatest attraction for many of them. The White House, the official residence of the President, is situated at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. The largest room in this building of over the hundreds room is the East Room,$ scene of many state receptions, balls and musicals. Other famous rooms are: the Green Room, the Blue Room, the Red Room, which are used for afternoon teas and for receptions held before state dinners. The Blue Room, the most formal of these "colors" room is an oval-shaped room connecting the Green and the Red Rooms. On the second floor, the floor with the family quarters and quests rooms, is$ the Lincoln Room, which one served as an office for president Lincoln but today serves as an honor guest room. In this room Lincoln signed the emancipation proclamation of 1863. Other landmarks in Washington DC include memorials to three Presidents: The Washington Memorial, The Lincoln Memorial and The Jefferson Memorial; The Library of Congress, The National Gallery of Art, The John F. Kennedy center for the Performing Arts. The Capitol is in the $very center of Washington. It is located on the Capitol Hill, the highest point in the city. The Capitol is the highest building in Washington. There is a law in Washington not to build buildings higher than the Capitol. The corner stone of the Capitol was laid by George Washington on Sep 18th, 1793. The Capitol is the seat of the government of the United States of America.

    $holiday

    Flag Day

    On June 14, 1777, the new United States Congress proposed that the country create its own national flag to replace the former British Union Jack. In August 1949 President Harry S. Truman proclaimed June 14 as Flag Day in all states.

    Independence Day

    Often simply called “the Fourth of July”, this holiday celebrates the day (July 4, 1776) on which the Continental Congress ratified the Declaration of Independence, which proclaimed freedom from the British monarch King George 3, who had up to that time rued the 13 American colonies.

    $Memorial Day

    The first Memorial Day dates back to the time following the Civil War. In 1866 residents and veterans of Waterloo, New York, agreed to close their shops and business on May 5 in order to decorate the graves and honour the memory of the many soldiers buried in the local cemetery. This is why the holiday was originally called Decoration Day.

    In 1882 the name was changed to memorial Day, and its focus was broadened to include soldiers who had died in previous wars.

    $Thanksgiving Day

    It all started with the Pilgrims. In the autumn of 1621, the harvest was so good that the Pilgrims found themselves with enough food to put away for the winter. The settlers decided to celebrate the event and thank God for the success of their harvest. Today, the 4th Thursday in November is the biggest travel day $in America and more people fly, drive and take trains to be with their families.

    May Day

    May Day was not widely celebrated in the United States during its early years, because the Puritans disapproved of frivolous festivals. However, in certain regions of the country, particularly where later English immigrates settled, May Day still looks much the same as in rural England, complete with May baskets full of flowers, a Maypole, and a May Queen.

    $Labor day

    The first Labor Day parade was held in New York City in 18882. Subsequently the idea spread, and various states, beginning with Oregon in 1887, declared the first Monday of September as a legal holiday. Finally, the United State Congress declared it a national holiday on June 28, 1894.

    1. Подведение итогов игры- кто выиграл на игровом поле (+ 1 бал), а кто по количеству набранных$ очков. В завершении урока все хором исполняем песню.

    50 Sta$tes

    Fifty Nifty United States from 13 original colonies

    Fifty Nifty stars in the flag that billow so beautifully in the breeze

    Each individual states contributes a quality that is Great

    Each individual state deserves a bow, we salute them now

    Fifty Nifty United States from 13 original colonies

    Shout ‘em, scout ‘em, tell all about ‘em$

    One by one till we’ve given a day to every state in the USA

    Alabama-Alaska-Arizona-Arkansas

    California-Colorado-Connecticut ,

    $Delaware-Florida-Georgia-Hawaii-Idaho-Illinois-Indiana,

    Iowa-Kansas-Kentucky-Louisiana-Maine-Maryland-Massachusetts-Michigan,

    Minnesota-Mississippi-Missouri-Montana-Nebraska-Nevada,

    $New Hampshire-New Jersey-New Mexico-New York-North Carolina-North Dakota-O-hi-o Oklahoma-Oregon-Pennsylvania-Rhode Island-South Carolina-South Dakota-Tennessee-Texas

    Utah-Vermont-Virginia-Washington-West Virginia-Wyoming

    North, South, East, West

    In a calm objective opinion is the best of….

    Fifty Nifty United States from 13 original colonies

    Shout ‘em, scout ‘em, tell all about ‘em

    One by one till we’ve given a day to every state in the U…..S….A!!!

    $

    Приложение 1

    The American flag is often called "The Stars and Stripes", it is also called "Old Glory". It represents the growth of the nation. It has 13 horizontal stripes,? red and 6 wh$ite which stand for the original 13 states. In the top left hand corner there are 50 white stars on a blue background: one star for each state.

    The national anthem of the United States is "The Star Spangled Banner". The words written during the Anglo- American war of 1812—1814 and set to the music of an old song. Every state has its own flag, its own emblem and its own anthem too.

    The eagle became the national emblem of the country in 1782. It has an olive branch (a symbol of peace) and arrows (a symbol of strength). You can see the eagle on the back of a d$ollar bill.

    The Statue of Liberty is the symbol of American democracy. It stands on Liberty Island in New York. It is one of the first things people see when they arrive in New York by sea. This National Monument was a present from France to the USA. France gave the statue to America in 1884 as a symbol of friendship. Liberty carries the torch of freedom — in her right hand. In her left hand she is holding a tablet with the inscription "July 4, 1776" — American Independence Day.

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